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Cataracts, caused by chemical changes in the lens, will cloud all or part of the normally clear lens within your eye. Cataracts are the leading cause of vision loss.
Cause: Advancing age, heredity, injury, or disease.
Symptoms: Blurred or hazy vision; appearance of spots in front of the eyes; increased sensitivity to glare or the feeling of having a film over the eyes. (Your optometrist can diagnose a cataract and monitor its development and prescribe changes in eyeglasses or contact lenses to maintain good vision.)
What you can do: Don't smoke and avoid over-exposure to sunlight. Cigarettes and ultraviolet (UV) light produce free radicals and may play a role in cataract development, according to researchers at the Mayo Clinic.
Good News: More than 95 percent of people who have cataracts removed end up with better vision.
At high-risk: About half of Americans between the ages of 65 and 75 have cataracts to some degree.
With life expectancy figures continuing to climb, managing cataracts successfully can be essential for people to live healthy, happy, and productive lives. By performing a regular, comprehensive eye exam, your optometrist can successfully detect cataracts. Then, your optometrist can treat cataracts in conjunction with your other health care providers